Latest Java Interview Questions 2016 for Freshers - Part 7 - Prepare for Interview - By Placement Dunia
43. What are different types of access modifiers?
public: Any thing declared as public can be accessed from anywhere. private: Any thing declared as private can’t be seen outside of its class. protected: Any thing declared as protected can be accessed by classes in the same package and sub-classes in the other packages. default modifier : Can be accessed only to classes in the same package.
44. What is the difference between Reader/Writer and InputStream/Output Stream?
The Reader/Writer class is character-oriented and the InputStream/OutputStream class is byte-oriented.
45. What is servlet?
Servlets are modules that extend request/response-oriented servers, such as java-enabled web servers. For example, a servlet might be responsible for taking data in an HTML order-entry form and applying the business logic used to update a company’s order database.
46. What is Constructor?
A constructor is a special method whose task is to initialise the object of its class.
It is special because its name is the same as the class name.
They do not have return types, not even void and therefore they cannot return values.
They cannot be inherited, though a derived class can call the base class constructor.
Constructor is invoked whenever an object of its associated class is created.
47. What is an Iterator ?
The Iterator interface is used to step through the elements of a Collection.
Iterators let you process each element of a Collection.
Iterators are a generic way to go through all the elements of a Collection no matter how it is organised.
Iterator is an Interface implemented a different way for every Collection.
48. What is the List interface?
The List interface provides support for ordered collections of objects.
Lists may contain duplicate elements.
49. What is memory leak?
A memory leak is where an referenced object that will never be used again still hangs around in memory and doesn't get garbage collected.